One such management action is to identify and protect, through permanent, seasonal, or daily closures, prime bear habitat for feeding and travel corridors. Santa Monica, California, USA: Rand Corporation. 87 p. 43. Kuhnert PM, Martin TG, Griffiths SP (2010) A guide to eliciting and using expert knowledge in Bayesian ecological models. When the setting is correct there should be no more than the slightest dimple where the fiducial point makes contact with the mercury surface. If the surface is bright and the setting correct, the tip of the point will appear to coincide with its reflected image in the mercury surface. Proper storage of food and garbage to minimize bear-human conflicts was the second most effective management action identified by the Delphi Survey Experts. Therefore, only scenarios 1, 2, and 5 result in probability outcomes.
The Bayesian network model developed here provides a new tool for managers to balance demands of multiple recreational activities while supporting healthy bear populations. The mechanisms of impact (represented by the intermediate nodes in the model) included displacement from high and low quality habitat, energetic costs, and nutritional intake. Anna treats a wide variety of patient impairments but particularly enjoys working with shoulder/neck dysfunction.
Our results, incorporating results of empirical studies and expert knowledge, suggest that displacement may affect individual health and ultimately bear reproduction and survival, primarily as a result of decreased nutritional intake and increased energetic costs. Finally, we combined information from the literature and expert knowledge into a Bayesian network model (BNM) to aid managers when evaluating the potential impacts of human recreational activities on brown bears. They therefore defined regulated versus unregulated camping as being with or without proper food and garbage storage and regulated versus unregulated angling as whether proper cleaning and handling of fish did or did not occur. Unregulated recreational activities include those that do not occur under management regulation or those for which regulations are unenforced.